Bilateral Remittance Flows


Bilateral Remittance Flows

This tool displays the most recently available remittance flows between countries in 2017 and provides mid-year 2020 estimates of the relevant international migrant population. When remittance inflows are selected, the tool gives the receiving country's emigrant population in the sending country (and the opposite for outflows). For example, when remittance inflows and Mexico are selected, the Mexican emigrant population in the United States will be displayed along with remittances from the United States. Points on the map represent countries with available data. Click on a data point to view the top 10 countries in terms of bilateral remittance inflow or outflow. The list can also be sorted according to the largest immigrant and emigrant populations. When no data point is selected, the largest receiving or sending countries display by default.


1) For more information on the UN Population Division’s methodology to estimate the size of immigrant and emigrant populations, visit:

2) The UN Population Division may base its population estimates on projections from national-level data collected in earlier years.

3) The World Bank used two datasets to construct the Bilateral Remittance Matrix. The first was UN Population Division estimates of migrant stock by country of origin and destination, also used by this tool. The second dataset used in the construction of the Bilateral Remittance Matrix was remittance inflows data. The remittance inflows data were constructed as the sum of two components in the IMF’s Balance of Payments Statistics: (i) compensation of employees and (ii) personal transfers. A country’s total remittance inflows in a given year were allocated to its emigrant stocks, adjusting for the migrant sending and receiving countries’ per capita income. 


Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the World Bank Prospects Group. Bilateral Remittance Matrix 2017. Available here:; and Migration Policy Institute tabulation of data from the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division, International Migrant Stock 2020: Destination and Origin, Table 1: International Migrant Stock at Mid-Year by Sex and by Region, Country or Area of Destination and Origin. Available here: